The early days of website design

Website design is one of the jobs that couldn't exist without computers and the internet. Websites emerged as a result of advanced computer networking. People discovered that computers were powerful and they had to find a better way to communicate using programmers struggled Kthese machines. In 1985, the American public heard the word internet' for the first time. Many people didn't know exactly what it was and its use. In 1990, computers had a better processing power and they consumed less power than the old models. Furthermore, they had become more affordable and this led to a significant increase in the number of personal computers. A website is useless without a web browser The first browser was World Wide Web but renamed to Nexus. It was developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1990. This was a basic browser with limited functionality. In fact, it could only display text on the screen. The only unique thing was its ability to show links which were underlined in blue.

In 1991, the first text-based website went live. The text was aligned on the left margin of the browser and it was limited to black and white colors. The website links were blue by default. The early user interface was not appealing since browsers could not support animation, audio, and video tags. Early websites were developed by highly skilled programmers because the browser had some constraints.

The Mosaic browser was released in 1993. The browser was a little bit more advanced than Nexus. It allowed programmers to add more elements such as web forms and .gif images. This enabled them to create websites that were more appealing. However, the limit in bandwidth prevented the programmers from using many images on one web page. In addition, the images were scaled down to reduce the number of pixels.

There were no complex web development toolkits such as Dreamweaver which automatically generate HTML code with the help of a drag-and-drop feature. Designing a website was a difficult task and it took many days or even weeks. Having a website was an exciting experience. Companies had to create IT departments and employ highly skilled programmers to create and manage their web pages. As internet speed increased, more complex landing pages started to appear on many sites. Later, the browsers started to support more colors. Web designers were able to use a maximum of 16 web safe colors on the web pages. Designers then developed hypertext markup language (HTML) to control the way pages were viewed on the browser World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was also set up to set guidelines which standardized HTML elements. The table element was then introduced to HTML. The designers saw the power of this element and started to use it to create the structure of the web pages. Tables enabled them to align other elements vertically or horizontally on the pages. However, the sites were difficult to maintain and heavier since tables have many HTML tags. Ads were then introduced to websites to advertise various products. Designers had to learn how to incorporate banner ads on the header of the web pages. This created an opportunity for designers and companies to make money online. Web design improved tremendously when the JavaScript engine was incorporated in the browsers. This programming language introduced "pop-up, and other features that overcame the limitation of static web pages that were made of pure HTML.